1972 – Development of the Acudetox protocol
The use of acupuncture for the treatment of drug and alcohol dependency is a recent development in the history of this ancient science and art of acupuncture. Only since 1972, when a Hong Kong neurosurgeon, H.L Wen M.D., discovered that acupuncture could alleviate the symptoms of drug withdrawal, has this method been used for substance misuse detoxification and relapse prevention.
1974 -The Lincoln Memorial Hospital
In the USA, the National Acupuncture Detoxification Association (NADA) protocol, was first introduced on an outpatient basis in 1974 at the Lincoln Memorial Hospital, a city facility in the South Bronx area of New York City. By the mid 1980’s the success of this unique procedure had become so evident that treatment facilities across the USA began incorporating acupuncture into their treatment programmes.
Over a period of 10 years the staff and other professionals associated with it, developed the basic 5 ear-points protocol for the treatment of clients with substance misuse problems and addicitons, using the diagnostic tools of experience and trial and error.
1985 -The National Acupuncture Detoxification Association (NADA)
In 1985, the National Acupuncture Detoxification Association (NADA) was established to promote the education and training of clinicians in the use of the NADA protocol through the NADA five-point ear acupuncture protocol.
In 1987 research published by Bullock, Culliton and Olander showed its effectiveness in treating people with chronic drug dependency problems. Acupuncture detoxification has evolved very rapidly since then, and is now used effectively for the treatment of acute and prolonged drug withdrawal as well as relapse prevention. Yale University, school of internal medicine, published a research report in August 2000 that showed the effectiveness of the NADA protocol in the treatment of cocaine, heroin and methadone addiction. NADA-UK was established in 1991.
Healthcare practitioners are employed in 500 agencies in the UK, both voluntary and statutory including HM Prisons, NHS Trusts and street agencies, etc. utilising the Acudetox protocol in the treatment provision of services for substance misusers and provide treatments for this client group.
In more recent years, the Acudetox protocol is used effectively in other areas of mental health wellbeing : recovering from trauma, helping ameliorate side effects from drug treatment in cancer, aiding recovery from benzodiazepine dependency, helping relaxation in young people with behavioural disorders, and providing relief in stress, anxiety and panic disorders.
2007 -Foundation of Integrated Health
In April 2007, 12 stakeholder groups met as a single profession, and secured funding from the Foundation of Integrated Health to explore the voluntary self regulation of Microsystems Acupuncture, including ear acupuncture. The Microsystems Acupuncture Regulatory Working Group was formed, and the collaboration was completed in 2011.
MACRWG2007 2011 – Microsystems Acupuncture Regulatory Working Group
The Microsystems Acupuncture Regulatory Working Group (MAcRWG) was a collaboration of the key 12 professional associations and teaching institutions within the UK involved in many different microsystem acupuncture modalities. Since early 2007 this Group worked together, as part of The Prince’s Foundation for Integrated Health regulation programme, to put in place robust systems for voluntary regulation by 2011. This was achieved in 2011 and the profession is currently regulated through the Complementary and Natural Healthcare Council.
skills for health2010 – Skills for Health
The national occupational standards NOS CNH 24 were written and published by Skills for Health in 2010, and can be seen here National Occupational Standards for Microsystems Acupuncture.
2011 – Complementary and Natural Healthcare Council
Microsystems AcupunctureCNHC_Logo – Web Version
“Microsystems acupuncture is based on the belief that small well-defined areas of the body, such as the hand, foot and ear, correspond to all organs and parts of the body. Evidence shows that stimulating these areas, usually with needles, may help to deal with symptoms such as anxiety or general stresses.
In a typical microsystems acupuncture session, the practitioner will ask questions about previous medical history, general physical and emotional health, as well as medication, drug use, diet and lifestyle. Treatment generally involves the stimulation of defined points on a distinct area of the body using a variety of techniques such as acupuncture, electrical stimulation or pellets.
Microsystems acupuncture is commonly used in a variety of healthcare settings, including hospitals, prisons, drug rehab units and complementary health clinics alongside medical treatments.”
PSA2013 – Professional Standards Authority.
The CNHC was added as an Accredited Register under the Professional Standards Authority in 2013.